Warning: Many herbs adversely interact with modern medicines and should only be taken after consulting with medical professionals. Use as directed by a health care provider. Always follow the manufacturers dosage guidelines!

CARAWAY (Carum carvi)

Caraway is also known as carvies (in Scotland), wild cumin, Roman cumin and Persian caraway. The plant is thought to have originated in central Europe and Asia. Now its mainly cultivated in northern and eastern Europe as well as northern Africa.
Caraway belongs to the carrot family. The fruit is known as a seed, since its appearance resembles seeds.
The roots of the Caraway plant are tapered like a parsnip, but smaller and are edible. The active ingredients are essential oils- Caraway oil averages 55 per cent carvone and 44 per cent limonene.

CARAWAY Benefits and uses:
Caraway has been used to treat rheumatism, bronchitis, eye infections, yeast infection and toothaches. It is said to promote gastric secretion and stimulates appetite. It breaks down spasms in the gastrointestinal tract and prevents flatulence.

As a food the roots can be boiled and consumed the same as you would cooked parsnips or carrots. The young Caraway leaves can be used for salads and as a seasoning for soups and stews.
The licorice flavoured seeds are used in rye bread and in soups, cheese spreads, sauerkraut,confectionery, liqueurs, and salad dressings.

A medicinal Caraway tea can be made by adding 1 or 2 teaspoons of pressed seeds to 150 ml. of boiling water, then left to steep for 10 to 15 minutes and then drained. The finished tea can be taken 1 to 3 times per day.

Under normal use, there are no known side effects or health hazards associated using Caraway as a supplement. But, large doses of the volatile oil, taken for long periods, can potentially damage the kidney and liver.

CAYENNE PEPPER (Capsicum minimum, Capsicum fastigiatum, Capsicum frutescens)

Cayenne Pepper is a spice that is also one of the worlds greatest medicinal herbs.

Cayenne Pepper was named after its place of origin - the Cayenne region of French Guiana. It was used quite by the Aztecs and Mayans of central America medicinally and culinary.

Cayenne Pepper contains vitamins like vitamin A, C, E, carotinoids and capsaicin. Capsaicin causes the hot and burning sensation and causes the brain to activate the salivary glands and endorphins, which act as the body's natural painkillers.

Cayenne acts as a catalyst to increase the effectiveness of other herbs when combined with them. For example, Cayenne Pepper and Hawthorn berries together act as powerful stimulent on the heart. CAYENNE PEPPER Benefits and uses:

- it attacks prostate and pancreatic cancer cells
- it can stop heart attacks
- Cayenne nourishes the heart with vital nutrients
- removes plaque from the arteries
- Cayenne Pepper aids in healing stomach tissue and ulcers
- it is used to help stop internal bleeding
- it aids circulation
- Cayenne can rebuild blood cells
- it help clear mucus from stuffed up noses and congested lungs
- Cayenne Pepper removes toxins from the bloodstream - it has been shown to lower LDL cholesterol
- Cayenne is used to treat poor digestion and gas
- it enhance the libido and acts as an aphrodisiac
- it is a weight loss agent - the heat produced after eating hot chilies peppers burns energy and calories

- Cayenne helps rebuild flesh destroyed or harmed by frosbite
- it helps heal hemorrhoids
- it is used to help clot and heal external wounds
- Rubbed on the skin, cayenne is remedy for rheumatic pains and arthritis
- it acts as an insect repellent
- Capsaicin cream is a helpful pain reliever for shingles, nerve pain and arthritis
- Cayenne Pepper has been shown to have antifungal properties

No adverse side effects have been noted other than the burning sensation of the capsaicin, which diminish with continued use.

Capsule form of Cayenne Pepper will give you some benefit without the "heat". If possible it is recommended you use Cayenne powder instead of capsules. The hot Cayenne in your mouth lets your stomach know to secrete digestive juices ahead of swallowing, to give you maximum benefit.

CENTAURY (Centaurium erythraea, Centaurium umbellatum, Erythraea centaurium)

The herb is also known as Feverwort and European centaury and belongs to the family Gentianaceae.

It grows less than .5 meter tall and flowers June through to October. The stems and flowers are used herbally.

The herb Centaury is used as flavouring in bitter herbal liqueurs and gives vermouth its unique taste.

European centaury is native to Europe, Western Asia, North Africa and has been introduced to North America.

Centaurium erythraea Benefits and uses:

- as a digestive and gastric stimulant, increases appetite
- to relieving constipation and gas
- to promotes proper digestion
- for heartburn
- to releave symptoms of colic
- to ease menstruation
- as a blood tonic for anemia, to purify the blood
- for weight loss
- Centaury promotes circulation
- it is a good Antioxidant
- to relieve gout
- to ease Rheumatoid arthritis symptoms

- lotion removes skin blemishes, age spots, freckles and sun spots

The tea is commonly taken for heartburn, colic, to suppress menstrual pain, and anemia. Taken over an extended period, it also help with weight loss.

To make Centaury herbal tea, use 1 teaspoon of dried herb in 1 cup of hot water and let infuse for 10 minutes.

Centaury can cause nausea in high doses due to its bitterness. Do not use the herb if you have kidney stones, gallbladder disease, hernia or peptic ulcers.

CERASSE, alt.CERASEE (Momordica charantia)

Other common names of Cerasse are Chinese bitter melon, Karela and Balsam pear.The Cerasse fruit is edible when harvested green and cooked. The taste is bitter.
Cerasee is native to Africa, the Middle East and the Mediterranean but is now widely grown in South America and the West Indies. The Cerasse bush grows wild throughout most of Jamaica. It produces bright, yellow flowers and an orange-coloured fruit.

CERASSE FRUIT Benefits and uses:
This bitter herb is said to have many health benefits. Active constituents in bitter melon include glycosides, saponins, alkaloids, fixed oils, triterpenes, proteins and steroids. The Bitter gourd is also rich in vitamins and minerals, including vitamin A, B1, B2, C and Iron.

It is used for diabetes, hypertension, worms, dysentery, malaria and as a general tonic and blood purifier. It is also used to relieve constipation and colds and fevers in children. Other uses are a remedy for colitis, liver complaints, relieving pains due to arthritis and rheumatism, lowering blood pressure and the tea of the root is used to expel kidney stones.
Recently, scientists have identified and extracted several active proteins from Cerasse including MAP-30, alpha-momorcharin and beta-momorcharin which have value as anti-HIV agents.
As well, researchers at the University of Miami School of Medicine have found that the element Guanylate Cyclase in the ripe fruit has the ability to inhibit growth of cancer cells. Cerasee is also being studied at the Sloan-Kettering Institute of New York as a possible aid for leukemia patients.

It is a bitter herb so it helps clear the body of toxins. Although the seeds, leaves, and vines of the bitter melon have been used, the fruit is the safest and most prevalent part of the plant used medicinally.

For people with a tolerance for bitter flavour, the small melons can be eaten as food or up to 50 ml of fresh juice can be drunk each day. An alternative for those dislike the bitter taste are bitter melon tinctures, of which 5 ml can be taken two to three times a day.

A tea made of the Cerasse vine can be used to cure ailments from indigestion to Cancer. Cerasse tea is one of the most popular of the Jamaican bush teas and is feared by everyone because of its extreme bitterness.Cerasse tea may be sweetened with lemon, honey or maple syrup to make it more palatable. Serve Jamaican Cerasse piping hot or pour it over ice for a refreshing cool drink.
Many stores are now selling Cerassee in teabags, making it a convenient choice of beverage. It is the leaves of the plant are used for making Tea.
Cerasse can also be used as a skin lotion.

Excessively high doses of bitter melon juice can cause abdominal pain and diarrhoea. Small children or anyone with hypoglycemia should not take bitter melon since this herb could lower the blood sugar.
AS well, diabetics taking hypoglycaemic drugs (such as chlorpropamide, glyburide or phenformin) or insulin should use bitter melon only under medical supervision, as it may negate the effectiveness of the drugs and lead to severe hypoglycemia.

RED CLOVER(trifolium pratense)

Red Clover is a perennial that grows wild in most parts of the world. The young leavess and blossoms are very nutritious and used for food in salads, soups, or just as herbs. Red Clover has many nutrients including vitamin C, niacin, thiamine, calcium, magnesium, potassium, chromium, isoflavones, and phosphorus.

The herb goes by many other names such as purple clover, trifolium, sweet clover, cow clover, meadow trefoil, peavine clover, wild clover, marl grass, and cleaver grass to name a few.

For medicine, Red Clover's main use is the high concentration of phytoestrogens which act like female hormones in the body.

RED CLOVER Benefits and uses:

Internally (as a Herbal Tea):
- aleviates breathing problems
- eases whooping and dry coughs
- helps the female reproductive system through menopause and heavy bleeding
- regular consumption of Red Clover Tea is an anti cancer agent
- it may help to treat tuberculosis
- Red Clover Tea helps fight sexually transmitted diseases
- it aids in treating inflammation and infection
- it purifies the blood
- The Herbal Tea seems to lower bad cholesterol (LDL) levels
- it may help reduce plaque build up in arteries
- it helps delay bone loss due to osteoporosis
- Red Clover Tea relieves arthritis pain
- for dieting it is an appetite suppresser
- it treats indigestion and calms an upset stomach

- Red Clover Tea applied externally treats itchy skin conditions
- topically applied it helps treat psoriasis and the healing of skin wounds

Red Clover Tea:

Red Clover has a delicate soft flavour. The Red Clover blossoms can used fresh or dried to make great Herbal Tea.
To infuse, add 1 tablespoon of dried or 2 fresh Clover flowers to a cup of hot water,steep for about 10 minutes and strain. A tea caddy or ball can be used. This herbal tea can be taken up to three times a day.
The tea can be sweetened to taste with honey or sugar. Mint can be added for extra flavour.
Don't boil the flowers, as many of the medicinal nutrients will lose their effectivenes.


Red Clover is generally safe, but if bought in concentrated form, follow the instrucions on the packaging.

Warning: Many herbs adversely interact with modern medicines and should only be taken after consulting with medical professionals. Use as directed by a health care provider. Always follow the manufacturers dosage guidelines!


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